The idea of the historical monument began during the Renaissance, with the search for Europe’s origins in the Classical. Examples of large-scale architecture from the past were sought out not only for aesthetic concerns, but also as monumenta, “reminders” of a certain past and origin. In other words, while large historical buildings had always existed, investing them with value more than the weight of their stone was connected to the forging of a common foundational myth. By the 18th century, the view of monuments as necessary ingredients in the historical and civilizational makeup of any society was so pervasive that buildings became objects of visitation and study. This gave the impulse for the “Grand Tour,” a prolonged journey to European – especially Italian – cities deemed necessary for the education and cultural polish of young aristocratic British men (and some women). A century later, as the Grand Tour gave way to middle-class tourism and as the discipline of art history rose, a veritable “modern cult of monuments” emerged.
Canonized in modernity as testaments of civilizational advancement, storehouses of memory, and symbols of identity, historical monuments are consumed with ideological underpinnings. The processes of adaptation, appropriation, revaluation, importation, repatriation and destruction of monumental structures have been instrumental in the forging of collective identities whether imperial, national, or regional. This exhibition focuses on the reception and treatment of historical monuments found in a few works preserved at the John J. Burns Library dating from the 19th century. Through examining some travel guidebooks, architectural history surveys and an unpublished diary, we travel across the globe – to the Jordan and Egypt, to France and Germany, to England and Ireland – in search of histories of monumental proportions.
The images and content in this blog post are from the exhibit Historical Monuments, Monumental Histories, which is now on display in the History Department, Stokes 3rd Floor South. This exhibit was curated and organized by Professor Dana Sajdi’s Fall 2015 Making History Public class, in collaboration with the Boston College University Libraries.
Alois Riegl, “The Modern Cult of Monuments: Its Character and its Origins,” Oppositions 25 (1982): 20-51. Originally written in 1903 in German.